What is Morphine?
Morphine is an opiate and normally prescribed to manage moderate to severe pain, it has been in use for more than 200 years and was initially discovered by a German pharmacist, Wilhelm Serturner in the year 1805. It was discovered by isolating it from opium and was named after Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams.
In those days, only a small amount of Morphine was isolated from the opium but currently more than 1,000 tons is isolated every year and a very large percentage of this passes into a procedure called methylation which forms codeine. The rest ends up on the street; where black market street dealers filter and synthesize it in order to make heroin.
Morphine is usually administered via an injection but can also be taken orally.
Statistics reveal that most Morphine abusers prefer to use an intramuscular injection as the euphoric effect is increased, however extreme caution must be exercised as the side effects of morphine abuse are severe when the drug is administered this way.
Morphine is very addictive and has high potential for abuse due to its dependency levels also being high. This means that when Morphine is used for a long period of time, the body will become dependent on it and when the drug is not administered, withdrawal symptoms will occur.
In addition to creating a dependency, when morphine is used over a long period of time the drug also creates a morphine tolerance meaning that the dosage has to be increased in order for the original results to be achieved. The degree of tolerance usually depends on the dosage and the period of time that the drug has been abused for.
Studies have revealed that most Morphine abusers begin taking it within the parameters of the doctors’ instructions but gradually and slowly start to abuse it until they eventually become addicts. Other patients abuse Morphine unintentionally by ignoring or altering the prescription.
There are numerous side effects to abusing Morphine and they include anxiety, double vision, mood swings, blurred vision, constipation, cramps, irritability, depression, chills, dilated pupils, and dizziness.
Statistics show that a lot people who abuse Morphine also abuse other illegal drugs as well and that Morphine is mainly used to supplement the euphoric effect of Morphine with the effects of the other drug. When any illicit drugs are used together, the resulting side effects will be more severe.
The more severe side effects of Morphine abuse include drowsiness, rigid muscles, diarrhea, rashes, headaches, agitation, hallucination, allergic reactions, lack of co-ordination, low blood pressure and insomnia.