Morphine Abuse Symptoms
Morphine is an opiate and normally prescribed to manage moderate to severe pain, it has been in use for more than 200 years and was initially discovered by a German pharmacist, Wilhelm Serturner in the year 1805. It was discovered by isolating it from opium and was named after Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams.
At the present moment, this drug is being isolated from the opium in very large amounts that exceed 1,000 tons annually.
Currently more than 1,000 tons is isolated every year and a very large percentage of this passes into a procedure called methylation which forms codeine. The rest ends up on the street; when Morphine is used on the street, the drug has usually been filtered and synthesized in order to make heroin. Morphine has a very high potential for abuse due to it having a very high degree of physical and psychological dependence.
In addition to creating a dependency, when it is used over a long period of time Morphine also creates a tolerance and when this happens the dosage has to be increased in order for the original results to be achieved. The degree of tolerance usually depends on the dosage and the period of time that the drug has been abused for.
The methods that are usually used in administering this drug include oral means, injections, intramuscularly and intravenously. When this drug is administered using the intramuscularly method, the effects of euphoria are elevated which is why most abusers normally prefer this method.
Whenever Morphine is taken in any other way than has been recommended by a medical practitioner, it constitutes an abuse. This includes raising the dose, crushing the pill, chewing the pill, forging a prescription, altering the dosage, taking it too often and even taking it for longer than it was prescribed for.
Some people who abuse Morphine also abuse other illegal drugs as well and they mostly use Morphine to supplement the effects that the main drug is providing. This is another form of abuse and can lead to extremely severe morphine side effects or even death in some cases.
There are numerous signs of a Morphine abuse habit which include anxiety, dilated pupils, double vision, blurred vision, involuntary eyeball movement, mood swings, chills, cramps, depression, dizziness, constipation and irritability.
Other signs to look out for include drowsiness, rigid muscles, problems urinating, rashes, nausea, an increased sensitivity to light, dry mouth, sedation, loss of appetite, weakness, agitation, hallucination, memory loss, insomnia, fainting and low blood pressure.
As prescription instructions are not followed, abusers of Morphine are particularly prone to overdose and overdose symptoms include cold skin, clammy skin, low blood pressure, stupor, sleepiness, dilated pupils, flaccid muscles, fluid in lungs, slow pulse rate, yawning, excessive sweating, slowed breathing and even coma.